A fatty liver is the result of the accumulation of excess fat in liver cells. Fatty tissue slowly builds up in the liver when a person’s diet exceeds the amount of fat his or her body can handle. A person has a fatty liver when fat makes up at least 5-10% of the liver. Simple fatty liver can be completely benign condition and usually does not lead to liver damage. However, once there is a buildup of simple fat, the liver becomes vulnerable to further injury. Which may result in inflammation and scarring of the liver.
What causes fatty liver disease?
The most common cause of fatty liver disease is obesity. It is estimated that 75% of obese individuals are at risk of developing a simple fatty liver. Up to 23% of obese individuals are at risk of developing fatty liver with inflammation.
Besides obesity, nutritional causes of fatty liver disease are:
Starvation and protein malnutrition.
Long term use if total parenteral nutrition (a feeding procedure that involves infusing nutrients directly into the blood stream), intestinal bypass surgery for obesity, rapid weight loss.
Certain conditions often accompany and may contribute to fatty liver:
Hyperlipidemia (Elevated Lipids in the Blood).
Insulin Resistance and high blood pressure
Other causes include:
Genetic Factors, Drugs and chemicals such as alcohol, corticosteroids, tetracycline and carbon tetrachloride.